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August 1, 2017

What is Bovine Respiratory Disease? Part 2: Causes

BRD is defined as a "disease complex" or a complex multi-factorial disease as it involves an interaction between several factors - Host factors, or characteristics that make the animal more susceptible to the disease: age, immune status, prior exposure to the pathogens, injury and genetics. Environmental factors: transport, handling, dust, temperature fluctuations, crowding and ventilation. Infectious agents (disease-causing organisms or pathogens) such as Viruses, including the Infec...

May 19, 2017

What is Bovine Respiratory Disease? Part 1: Symptoms

Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is one of the most common and costly causes of illness and death in Australian cattle. BRD is a general term for any respiratory disease in cattle that affects the lower or upper respiratory tract. BRD is commonly associated with infections of the lungs, pneumonia in recently weaned and feedlot cattle, nursing beef calves, housed dairy calves, and lactating dairy cows....

May 16, 2017

10 Things about Sheep Your Teachers Probably Didn't Tell You

1. The scientific name for domesticated sheep is Ovis aries. The word sheep itself, originated from the Old English word scēap. 2. Sheep have a terrific sense of smell, with scent glands in front of their eyes as well as on their feet. 3. Sheep are mainly solely grazing herbivores. For this reason, they are often used in conservation grazing as they eat invasive plants. 4. While it is widely known that sheep flock together, not everyone knows that many breeds of sheep stick to the same gra...

May 4, 2017

Bovine Tuberculosis: Diagnosis, Treatment and Management

Following on from our discussion last week as to what bovine tuberculosis is, today we look at further diagnosis, treatment and management. While bovine TB generally takes a chronic debilitating course, it can be more severe and rapidly progressive. Although there are several ways bovine TB can be diagnosed, the most common method is the tuberculin test. This involves antigen being injected into the skin and the animals' immune reaction being measured. To ensure a definitive diagnosis the bac...

May 2, 2017

What is Bovine Tuberculosis?

The bad news is that it is subtle and deadly, the good news is that Australia has officially been declared clear of it since 1997. So, what exactly is Bovine Tuberculosis? Bovine Tuberculosis or Bovine TB is a chronic, contagious and slow-growing disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium bovis that can affect nearly all mammals. This bacterium is a zoonosis meaning it can also spread to humans, often through unpasteurised dairy products. ...

April 28, 2017

What is Bovine Johne's Disease?

Are your cattle wasting away, suffering bottle jaw or diarrhoea? These are all common symptoms of Bovine Johne's Disease. Bovine Johne's Disease or BJD, is generally described as a chronic wasting disease that causes the condition of livestock including cattle and in particular dairy cattle, to significantly deteriorate and quickly lead to death. BJD is caused by the resilient bacterium Mycobacterium paratuberculosis which lives in the animal's intestine but can also survive in other cond...

February 9, 2017

What is Ovine Johne's Disease (OJD)?

Are your sheep wasting away, suffering bottle jaw or diarrhoea? These are all common symptoms of Ovine Johne's Disease. Ovine Johne's Disease or OJD, is generally described as a chronic wasting disease that causes the condition of livestock, including sheep and goats, to significantly deteriorate and quickly lead to death. OJD is caused by the resilient bacterium Mycobacterium paratuberculosis which lives in the animal's intestine but can also survive in other conditions. This bacteria r...

February 2, 2017

White Muscle Disease in Cattle

White muscle disease is a myodegenerative disorder of cattle, known as nutritional myopathy of calves, is normally is seen in young calves and is related to deficiencies of selenium and/or vitamin E. White muscle disease may present itself in two forms; 1. A congenital form that affects the cardiac muscle 2. A delayed form that is associated with either cardiac or skeletal muscle. Forage and feeds grown in locations where the soil is selenium-deficient results in decreased uptake by the plant...

December 8, 2016

Cattle export statistics

In 2014 Australia's export of live beef cattle for feeder, slaughter and breeding purposes totalled 1,294,036 head and were valued at A$1.294 billion FOB. Indonesia was the largest market taking 730,257 head which accounted for 56% of the total of Australia's cattle exports (including dairy cattle). The second largest market was Vietnam, taking 181,542 head, followed by China, taking 117,906 head. Darwin was the largest live export port, shipping 541,077 head. Townsville was the second large...

November 21, 2016

What is "Grass Staggers"?

Grass Staggers (hypomagnesaemia) or "lactation tetany" is an acute disorder characterised by sudden death and caused by low levels of magnesium in the blood. Factors include: 1) young, rapidly growing spring grass can be low in magnesium 2) individual ewes vary in their ability to absorb magnesium 3) nitrate fertilizers increase the protein in the grass which in turn produces excessive amounts of free ammonia in the rumen, lowers rumen pH and depletes carbohydrate. The imbalance of ca...

November 17, 2016

Why Did My Horse Die Suddenly? 5 Causes of Sudden Death in Horses

One of the major causes of sudden death in is cardiac arrest. But what are the reasons behind this cardiac arrest? Normally viral and bacterial infections, drugs, various diseases, tumors, electric shock etc. can lead to heart failure in horses. Some of these conditions make the heart weaker and thus leads to failure. Normally the heart muscles become weaker or harder to pump blood to the body efficiently. In some cases heart failure can be treated but in most of the cases, it becomes very fatal...

November 10, 2016

Why do cows die suddenly? 5 Causes of Sudden Death in cows.

This is a disease in which the red blood cells of cattle get affected and it is caused by the parasites. The cattle infected will become anemic, feverish and if persists may lead to death. The most important symptom you will notice is tiredness. If you notice such abnormalities, just check the mucous membranes and see if they are pale. Mainly the adults are affected by this disease. Immediately test their blood and consult with the veterinarian so that it doesn't spread on other cattle in the ...

November 5, 2016 Posts 1-13 of 13 | Page
 

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